Health Impact Assessment

Health Impact Assessment

Health impact assessment (HIA) is a combination of procedures, methods and tools by which a policy, program, or project may be judged as to its potential effects on the health of a population, and the distribution of those effects within the population.
 
The HIA process has several key characteristics:
  • A focus on a specific policy, program, or project proposal
  • A comprehensive consideration of potential health impacts
  • A population-based perspective that considers multiple dimensions of health
  • A multidisciplinary approach that uses information from many different health sectors and allied technical fields, e.g., environmental, socio-economics and human rights.
  • The flexibility to allow use in a variety of settings.
HIA provides decision makers with a review of potential positive and negative human health impacts related to a proposed project.
 
The HIA staff focuses on large development projects – such as oil and gas development, large mines, water resources (dams and hydroelectric) and major transportation projects. Our HIA team has specialists in toxicology, tropical medicine, epidemiology, public health and visual informatics. 
 
NewFields has written many of the key published HIA technical guidance documents for HIA and actively contributes to the peer-reviewed scientific literature.